The difference between the American AKC
the European FCI / VDH

Get the facts!!!
This will make it easier for you to decside which puppy you prefer.

Rules and Regulations for breeding
FCI / VDH                                             AKC

All health tests done on parents before breeding                                     NONE (suggested)
Eyes, Hips, PFK/PRA)  Law!

Earliest breeding age for females, 2 years!  Law!                                     NONE  (suggested)

The parents have to be free from any major diseases!                            
NONE  (suggested)

First week puppies are born, a person from the
Club is looking over the litter, checks males and females                       
and takes notes and checks the mother!

"eight" the same person looks again, checks
males for both testicles and both sexes for correct
teeth (bite) and jaw.  The breeder has to show the                                   
first shot records and micro shipping. He takes written
notes and send it in to the club.

Puppies with major faults are not aloud to be bred
or shown, there is a note in the pedigree like:                                          
"Not for Show or Breeding"
                                                      (suggested limited registration)

In one calendar year not more then 25 puppies
or they triple the fees for registration!
(each puppy
75 Euro ($96) the breeder pays,                                            NONE
that eliminates mass breeding!

Not more then one litter for a female in 365 days
(counting from whelping date)
If the breeder fails, the female is 'blocked" from                                       
breeding for full 2 years!                                  
This makes us to decide to go for the future only with Springers from Europe.
Right now we catching up to get on all our dogs the important tests done,
depending on ages and tests.  We not breeding with Springers that fails the tests.
There are many good breeders out there that are breeding only American bloodlines
under the same good guidelines.  Here is how to find those:

1.   Always ask to see the pedigree of both parents, at least the mother's and a copy of the fathers.

2.   See how much they are related. (line breeding or out cross is ok)

3.   Ask for conformation in writing that the puppies have an official AKC Pedigree.

4.   Look at the age of the parents.

5.   The bitch should be at least 2 years old and the stud dog 1 year old.

6.   Make sure the puppies grow up to a certain age in the house, living with the family.
English Springer (in fact every puppy) need a lot of socialising and getting use to the house life.

7.   Keep an eye on the mother, if she is shy or nervous, the puppies will copy that behavior.

8.   Demand to see the official hip certificates from both parents. Don't let anybody fool you.

9.   The fact that the grandparents were okay, doesn't automatically mean that the parents are,
they have to have official documents to prove that.

10.  Same thing goes for eye tests.  Ask to see the official paper.

11.  When buying a puppy ask for the buyers/sellers contract and guarantees in writing. If for any   
reason you don't get to see all this, or someone doesn't  want or can tell and show you all this, just
walk away and find someone that really cares about the breed.         
Good luck on your search for a healthy and well-socialised puppy!!

So if you are a person, floating around the world and you want to know which registry has the most
registrations in the world, which one would you guess?  Well, it’s no US registry that’s a fact.  Anyway so
what’s the club?  Well, it’s the FCI.   What does FCI stand for?   
Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The FCI doesn’t register dogs.  They register Breed Clubs around the world.  One breed club per country.
The USA does not have a FCI member breed club.  Not the AKC or the UKC or ARBA or any other clubs.  
The AKC has a reciprocal agreement with the FCI though so pedigrees from AKC registered dogs can be
exported overseas to other countries and it keeps the validity of their pedigrees so they can be bred in
other countries and recognized there as pure breeds.

Each country (other than the USA) has a breed club that is a member of the FCI.  That breed club writes the
Standard for the breed, and the breed club and the FCI work out all the details about the standard so the
breed is the same all over the world.  The USA is right now far away from this worldwide standards and they
drifting more away.  Since there is no FCI approved registry in the USA, quite often the US breeds become
isolated and only breed with other USA dogs and therefore, can become quite different from dogs of the
same breed in other parts of the world.  If you export a puppy from here to anyway in the world, this dog
will never make a champion overseas.

However, if the breed is FCI recognized then you are in luck.  There is a place you can register your dog in
North America that is FCI recognized.  
 The  Federacion  will register your pure bred dog if you
have a pedigree from a FCI member club.